The study tracked women for more than three decades and found that type 2 diabetes was much less common in infants. Understand!
You can add one more benefit to the extensive list of reasons for breastfeeding your child. A new study, published in JAMA, a leading American journal,evaluated more than 1,200 women and found that the act significantly reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes .
Researchers at the research department of Kaiser Permanente, a nonprofit organization in the United States, tracked the volunteers’ fertile age and glucose levels since the 1980s. To complete the study, physicians also collected data on physical activity, diet and lifestyle of the participants, who had at least one child in the period.
There were already other minor investigations on the subject, but this is the first that considered women still of childbearing age. And the results showed that the protective factor of breastfeeding is undeniable. For those who breastfed for six months or more, there was a 48% reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes occurring . In mothers who offered the breast for a shorter time than this, the incidence was 25% lower compared to women who did not breastfeed.
The study also confirmed that black women are more likely to have the disease, a relationship that is already observed in the adult population in general. In them, they were 3 times more cases than in the Caucasian. “But regardless of ethnicity and factors such as lifestyle and weight, the incidence of diabetes falls by the time of breastfeeding,” Erica Gunderson, a researcher at the institute and the lead author of the review, told the press.
Some biological mechanisms are probably responsible for this blessing. One is the influence of hormones released during breastfeeding in the cells of the pancreas, the organ that produces the insulin that regulates blood sugar .
In addition, milk production requires part of the sugar ingested by the mother, about 50 grams of glucose every 24 hours. Not to mention that breastfeeding burns 300 extra calories a day and promotes fat burning. Because obesity is one of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes, losing a little bit of adipose tissue is already helping to ease the danger.
Other benefits for moms already pointed out in previous studies include the prevention of some types of cancer, including breast cancer, and reduction of pain after cesarean section .