American researchers evaluate both types of diet (low carb and low fat) and conclude that both lead to weight loss
If you fend off a carb-restricted diet (the popular low carb ) or put all your chips in favor of low fat , you might want to take a step back and climb up of the wall. According to a new study conducted at Stanford University in the United States, cutting carbohydrates or fats would lead to weight loss in the same proportion.
“We’ve always heard stories from a friend who tested a diet and it worked very well. Then another friend tries to follow it and sees no result, “Christopher Gardner, the research leader, tells the university’s website. “This is because we are very different, and we are only now beginning to understand this diversity,” he added.
In the opinion of the scientist, we should probably not ask ourselves which is the best choice in general, but rather the best choice for a particular person.
For the research, 609 volunteers aged 18-50 were recruited. While one party followed a low carb diet, the other portion focused on low fat. Everyone has been instructed to invest in these menus for a year.
But be warned: both menus were balanced. So even though a soda is low fat, volunteers have learned that it does not match a healthy diet – just like low-carb bacon.
To ensure the quality of food, scholars encouraged participants to attend more fairs and hortifrutis and avoid buying processed foods. In addition, they stressed that they should not feel hunger or deprivation – otherwise it would be difficult to maintain the diet throughout the investigation.
At the end of a year, the members of both groups lost, on average, 5.9 kilos. It is good to stress that this is an average. In fact, what intrigued scientists was the immense variation of weight loss among individuals. To get an idea, there were people who eliminated 27 kilos, while others gained of 6.8 to 9 kilos. And, contrary to what experts expected, the genetic characteristics or the initial levels of insulin did not interfere in the success or not of any of the diets performed.
“This study closes the door to some issues, but opens up for others,” said Gardner, who has more data to explore. He and his team will now investigate whether the microbiota (the set of bacteria that live in our gut), epigenetic factors (how the environment is able to alter the functioning of our genes), or simply the different patterns of gene expression may account for the results were so discrepant among the people who followed the two diets.
For Gardner, there seems to be an opportunity to figure out some way to customize this weight loss process. While it works at it, your main tip for losing weight is to consume less sugar and refined items and whimsy in vegetables and whole foods. “In both groups, people who lost weight reported that we helped change their relationship with food, and now they were more attentive about how they ate,” Gardner said.